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【新型冠状病毒科普知识(85)】新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情防控 健康教育核心信息及释义(第三版)

yabo手机版 liulan: riqi:2020-03-12

新型冠状病毒科普知识(85)


第一条

  近期,我国出现新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情,病毒主要经呼吸道飞沫和接触传播,从目前收治的病例情况看,多数患者症状较轻,预后良好,少数患者病情危重,老年人和有慢性基础疾病者预后较差。


释义1:此次疫情是由新型冠状病毒引起的。


  2019nian12yueyilai,hubeishengwuhanshiluxufaxianlexinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanhuanzhe,suizheyiqingdemanyan,woguoqitadiqujijingwaiyexiangjifaxianlecileibingli。

  yinqicicifeiyanyiqingdebingyuantishiyizhongxinfaxiandeguanzhuangbingdu,gaibingduweidanguzhenglianrnabingdu,guojiaweishengjiankangweijianggaibingdumingmingwei“xinxingguanzhuangbingdu”,jianggaibingduyinfadefeiyanmingmingwei“xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyan”(jiancheng“xinguanfeiyan”),yingwenmingchengweicovid-19。xinxingguanzhuangbingdujiyintezhengyusars-covhemers-covyoumingxianqubie。duiguanzhuangbingduderenshiduolaiziduisars-covhemers-covdeyanjiu。bingduduiziwaixianheremingan,56℃30fenzhong、yimi、75%yichun、hanlvxiaoduji(ru“84”xiaoduye、piaobaifen、cilvsuannadeng)、guoyangyisuanhelvfangdengzhirongji,junkeyouxiaoshamiebingdu。


释义2:从目前收治的病例情况看,大多数新型冠状病毒肺炎患者预后良好,老年人和有慢性基础疾病者预后较差。


  xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyifare、fali、gankedengweizhuyaobiaoxian,shaoshuhuanzhebanyoubisai、liuti、yantong、jitonghefuxiedengzhengzhuang。zhongzhenghuanzheduozaifabingyizhouhouchuxianhuxikunnandenglinchuangbiaoxian。qingxinghuanzhejinbiaoxianweidire、qingweifalideng,wufeiyanbiaoxian。

  congmuqianshouzhidebingliqingkuangkan,duoshuhuanzheyuhoulianghao,shaoshuhuanzhebingqingweizhong。huanyouxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandeyunchanfulinchuangguochengyutonglinghuanzhexiangjin。laonianrenheyoumanxingjichujibingzheyuhoujiaocha,ertongbinglizhengzhuangxiangduijiaoqing。

yabo手机版  jingzhiliao,tiwenhuifuzhengchang 3 tianyishang,huxidaozhengzhuangmingxianhaozhuan,feibuyingxiangxuexianshijixingshenchuxingbingbianmingxiangaishan,lianxuliangcitan、biyanshizidenghuxidaobiaobenhesuanjianceyinxing(caiyangshijianzhishaojiange 24xiaoshi),manzuyishangtiaojianzhekechuyuan,huogenjubingqingzhuanzhixiangyingkeshizhiliaoqitajibing。chuyuanhou,yingjixujinxing14tiandegeliguanlihejiankangzhuangkuangjiance,peidaikouzhao,youtiaojiandejuzhuzaitongfenglianghaodedanrenfangjian,jianshaoyujiarendejinjulimiqiejiechu,fencanyinshi,zuohaoshouweisheng,bimianwaichuhuodong。zaichuyuanhoudi2zhouhedi4zhoudaoyiyuansuifang、fuzhen。

yabo手机版  ganranxinxingguanzhuangbingduwuxuguodukonghuang。dangzhongyanggaoduzhongshi,gejizhengfuheyouguanbumenyicaiquqiangyoulidefangkonghejiuzhicuoshi,zhiyaodajiagongtongnuli,tongzhougongji,miqiepeihe,zuizhongyidinghuidayingzheichangyiqingzujizhan。


释义3:新型冠状病毒肺炎属于新发传染病,人群普遍易感。


  renleishikemianlinzhexinfachuanranbingdeweixie。20shiji70niandaiyilai,jihumeiniandouyoubingdu、xijundengbingyuanweishengwuyinqidexinfachuanranbing,leijiyida40yuzhong。xinfachuanranbinggangchuxianshi,renleiduiqitedianheliuxingguilvquefarenshi,buzhangwohuojiaoshaozhangwofangzhifangfa,wangwanghuichuxiankuaisuchuanbo,bojifanweiguang,ganranrenshuduo,huiduirenleijiankangzaochengyanzhongweihai,zaochengdiquxinghuoguojixinggonggongweishengshijian,jishehuijingjidailaizhongdasunshi。liru1976nianfaxiandeaibolabingdubing、1981nianfaxiandeaizibing、2003nianchuxiandesars、2012nianfaxiandemersdeng。

  renqunduixinxingguanzhuangbingdupubianyigan。danshifouhuibeiganran,zhuyaoqujueyuyuhuanzhehuowuzhengzhuangganranzhejiechudejihui。muqian,guoneiwaiyouguanjigouzhengzaijijiyanfayufangxinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandeyimiao。

  genjumuqianduixinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandebingyuanxue、liuxingbingxue、linchuangtezhengdengtedianderenshijiduirenqunjiankangdeweihaichengdu,jingguowuyuanpizhun,guojiaweishengjiankangweijuedingjiangxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyannaruyileichuanranbing,anjialeichuanranbingguanli。guanlicuoshibaokuoduiyisibingli、quezhenbingligelizhiliao;duiyisibingli,quezhenqianzaidingdianyiyuandandugelizhiliao;duiyiliaojigouneideyisibingli、quezhenbinglidemiqiejiechuzhe,shixingjizhonggeliyixueguancha,bujubeitiaojiandediqukecaiqujujiageliyixueguancha,caiquqitabiyaodeyufangcuoshi。

yabo手机版  chuxianyisizhengzhuang,huoyouxinguanfeiyanliuxingbingxuekeyibaolushi,jishixiangjibingyufangkongzhijigou、yiliaojigouhuosuozaicun(ju)weihuibaogao,genjuyaoqiujishijiuyihuogeliguancha,miqiepeiheyouguanbumencaiqudediaocha、gelihejiuzhicuoshi,keyouxiaoyufangxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqingkuosan,jianshaoyiqingweihai,baohuzishenhetarendejiankangheanquan。


释义4:经呼吸道飞沫和接触传播是新型冠状病毒的主要传播途径,在相对密闭的环境中长时间暴露于高浓度气溶胶情况下存在经气溶胶传播的可能,其他传播途径尚待明确。


yabo手机版  xinxingguanzhuangbingdujinrurentihou,huiqinhaifeibuzuzhi,yinqifeiyan。xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanhuanzhehewuzhengzhuangganranzhedetanyehehuxidaofenmiwuzhonghanyoubingdu。huanzhehuowuzhengzhuangganranzhekesou、dapentihuoshuohuashi,huichanshenghuxidaofeimo,kebeizhijiexiru,zaochengganran。yihurenyuanzaiduihuanzhejinxingxitancaozuo、jinxingzhiqiguanjingjianchahuoqiguanchaguan,jihuanzhefanshen、paibeihuojinxingxinfeifusushi,yekenengxiruhuanzhepenchuhuokechudefeimo。

yabo手机版  chulehuxidaoxiruhuiyinqiganranwai,bingduyeketongguojiechuchuanbo,zhuyaobaokuo:①zhijiejiechu:rendeposunpifu、yanjiemo、binianmodengchuzhanranhuanzhehuowuzhengzhuangganranzhedetanye、huxidaofenmiwudeng;②jianjiejiechu:richangyongpin、wupinqijudengyoukenengbeihuanzhehuowuzhengzhuangganranzhehanyoubingdudetanyehehuxidaofenmiwudengwuran,shoubujiechuzheixiewuranwuhuochumobeiwurandewupin,zaiyongshoujiechukou、yan、bideng,huidaozhibingdutongguonianmoqinrurenti。

  zaixiangduimibidehuanjingzhongzhangshijianbaoluyugaonongduqirongjiaoqingkuangxiacunzaijingqirongjiaochuanbodekeneng,qitachuanbotujingshangdaimingque。changtongfeng,daikouzhao,qinxishou,shaowaichu,bujuhui,renjijiechubaochi1miyishangjuli,keyouxiaojianshaoganranbingdudefengxian。


第二条

 防控新型冠状病毒传播的关键措施之一是对确诊病例、疑似病例和无症状感染者的早发现、早报告、早隔离、早治疗。


释义1:早发现、早报告、早隔离、早治疗是控制传染病流行的关键措施。


  chuanranbingzairenqunzhongdechuanbobixujubeichuanranyuan、chuanbotujingheyiganrenqunsangejibenhuanjie,queshaoqizhongrenheyigehuanjie,doubuhuixingchengxindeganranheliuxing。suoyiduichuanranbingdeyufangheguanlicuoshikeyifenweisanlei,jikongzhichuanranyuan、qieduanchuanbotujing、baohuyiganrenqun。suowei“chuanranyuan”shizhitineidaiyounengyinqijibingdexijun、bingduhuojishengchongdeng,bingnengchuanranjiqitagetiderenhedongwu。muqiansuojianchuanranyuanzhuyaoshixinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandehuanzhe,wuzhengzhuangganranzheyekenengchengweichuanranyuan。

  weilefangzhixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanquezhenbingli、yisibinglihewuzhengzhuangganranzhechuanrantaren,yinqigengdafanweideliuxing,yaozuodaoduiquezhenbingli、yisibinglihewuzhengzhuangganranzhedezaofaxian、zaobaogao、zaogeli、zaozhiliao,zheiyeshizhenduichuanranyuanguanlidejutiyaoqiu,yifangmianshiweilejishifaxianbingjiuzhihuanzhe,lingyifangmianshiketongguojinzaogeliquezhenbingli、yisibinglihewuzhengzhuangganranzhedadaokongzhichuanranyuandemude,jinerjiangdiyiqinggengdafanweichuanbohekuosandefengxian,baohugengguangdarenqundejiankang。


释义2:筛查发热、干咳等呼吸道症状或腹泻等消化道症状,及可疑暴露史病例是“早发现”的主要措施。


  gerenyingjiaqiangziwojiankangjiance,chuxianfare、gankedenghuxidaozhengzhuanghuofuxiedengxiaohuadaozhengzhuang,tebieshijin14tianneiyouwuhanshijizhoubiandiqu,huojingneiyoubinglibaogaoshequ,huojingwaiyiqingyanzhongguojiahediqudelvxingshihuojuzhushiderenyuan;huocengjiechuguoyishangguojia、diquhuoshequdefarehuoyouhuxidaozhengzhuangdehuanzhe;huoyoujujixingfabing;huoyuxinxingguanzhuangbingduganranzheyoujiechushi,yaolijibikaitaren,zhengquepeidaikouzhao,xiangdangdicun(ju)weihuihuoyiliaoweishengjigoubaogao,binganyaoqiuqianwangdingdianyiliaojigoujiuzhen。zuoweigeren,yaozhudongpeiheyiwurenyuandewenzhenhuoshequgongzuorenyuandexunwen,rushitigonggerenlvxingshihuokeyibaolushi(feiyanhuanzhehuoyisihuanzhejiechushi、dongwujiechushideng)。

yabo手机版  gejigeleiyiliaojigou、jicengxiangguanzuzhiheyongrendanweiyaotigaoduixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanbinglidezhenduanhebaogaoyishi,duiyubumingyuanyinfare、gankedenghuxidaozhengzhuanghuofuxiedengxiaohuadaozhengzhuangdebingli,yingzhuyixunwenfabingqian14tianneidelvxingshihuokeyibaolushi,jishikaizhanxiangguanjiancegongzuo。


释义3:各级各类医疗卫生机构、单位和个人都有责任和义务对疑似及确诊病例进行“早报告”。


  gejigeleiyiliaoweishengjigoufaxianyisibingli、quezhenbingli、wuzhengzhuangganranzheshi,yingdangyu2xiaoshineijinxingwangluozhibao。jikongjigouzaijiedaobaogaohouyingdanglijidiaochaheshi,yu2xiaoshineitongguowangluozhibaoxitongwanchengbaogaoxinxidesanjiquerenshenhe。bujubeiwangluozhibaotiaojiandeyiliaojigou,yingdanglijixiangdangdixian(qu)jijikongjigoubaogao,bingyu2xiaoshineijiangtianxiewanchengdechuanranbingbaogaokajichu;xian(qu)jijikongjigouzaijiedaobaogaohou,yingdanglijijinxingwangluozhibao,bingzuohaohouxuxinxidedingzheng。

yabo手机版  lingwai,《zhonghuarenmingongheguochuanranbingfangzhifa》guiding,renhedanweihegerenfaxianchuanranbingbingrenhuozheyisichuanranbingbingrenshi,yingdangjishixiangfujindejibingyufangkongzhijigouhuozheyiliaojigoubaogao。zaobaogaobujinkeshichuanranbinghuanzhebenrendedaojishidejiuzhi,yekeweiweishengjiankangbumenjizaoduiyiqingjinxingkexueyanpan,jingzhunshice,fangzhiyiqingkuosan,yingdebaoguideshijian。


释义4:对确诊病例、疑似病例、无症状感染者的“早隔离”是控制传染源、防止疫情扩散的重要措施。


  jizaobaquezhenbingli、yisibingli、wuzhengzhuangganranzhedengshouzhidaodingdianyiyuanhuoanzhizaizhidingdidian,jinxinggelihuozhiliao,bimianyuqitarenyuanjiechu,keyizuidaxiandudisuoxiaochuanbofanwei,jianshaochuanbojihui。

yabo手机版  yisibinglihequezhenbingliyingdangzaidingdianyiyuangelizhiliao。yisibinglidanrendanjiangelizhiliao,lianxuliangcixinxingguanzhuangbingduhesuanjianceyinxing(caiyangshijianzhishaojiange24xiaoshi)qiefabing7tianhouxinxingguanzhuangbingduteyixingigmheiggkangtirengweiyinxingkepaichuyisibinglizhenduan。

yabo手机版  beiquedingweimiqiejiechuzhe,yingcaiqujizhonggeliyixueguancha,bujubeitiaojiandediqukecaiqujujiageliyixueguancha,bingjiaqiangduijujiaguanchaduixiangdeguanli。jiyumuqiandeliuxingbingxuediaochaheyanjiujieguo,xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanqianfuqiwei1-14tian,duowei3-7tian,yincigeliqiquedingwei14tian,jibeiguanchaduixiangzizuihouyiciyubingli、wuzhengzhuangganranzhefashengwuyouxiaofanghudejiechuhou14tian。zaiyixueguanchaqijian,meirizhishaojinxing2citiwenceding,chuxianfare、gankedenghuxidaozhengzhuanghuofuxiedengxiaohuadaozhengzhuang,yingjishixiangcun(ju)weihuihuoyiliaoweishengjigoubaogao。zaiyixueguanchaqijian,yingyangeanzhaoyiqingfangkongyaoqiu,zhudongpeihezhenzhigongzuo,budezixingwaichu。yixueguanchaqimanshi,rumiqiejiechuzhewuyichangqingkuang,yingjishijiechuyixueguancha。yisibinglipaichuhou,qimiqiejiechuzhekejiechuyixueguancha。


释义5:早治疗不仅可提高治愈率,降低病死率,还可减少传播给他人的机会。


  zaozhiliaoshigaishanyuhou,tigaozhiyulv、jiangdibingsilv、bimianchuanrantarendeguanjian。yinganguidingduixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanquezhenbingliheyisibinglijinxingjizhongzhiliao,zuodaoyingshoujinshou、yingzhijinzhi,tigaoshouzhilvhezhiyulv,jiangdiganranlvhebingsilv。duiyuhuanzhelaishuo,yuezaozhiliao,xiaoguoyuehao。


第三条

  养成良好个人卫生习惯,正确佩戴口罩,勤洗手,勤开窗通风,咳嗽、打喷嚏遮掩口鼻,避免用不干净的手触摸口、眼、鼻,少去人员密集的场所,不聚会,可有效预防感染。


释义1:正确佩戴口罩可有效阻断病毒经呼吸道飞沫传播。


yabo手机版  huxidaochuanranbingzhuyaotongguojinjulihuxidaofeimochuanbo。zhengquexuanzeyupeidaikouzhaojikebaohuzijibubeitarenchuanran,yeshibaohutarenbubeizijichuanrandeyouxiaocuoshi。

  dangdiyouyiqingfashengheliuxingqijian,qianwangrenyuanmijidegonggongchangsuo、jiuyi(feifaremenzhen)huochengzuogonggongjiaotonggongjushi,xupeidaiyicixingshiyongyiyongkouzhao。ertongkexuanyongfuheguojiabiaozhundeertongzhuanyongkouzhao,1suiyixiayingyouerbuyidaikouzhao。zaifeiyiqudekongkuangdidaihetongfenglianghaodehuwaichangsuo,yekebupeidaikouzhao。

  zhengquepeidaiyicixingshiyongyiyongkouzhaodefangfashi:kouzhaoyanseshendeyimianxiangwai,youbijiadeyibianxiangshang;shangxialakaizhezhou,baofuzhukoubijixiahe;anniebijia,shizhijintiebiliang,fangzhicelou。

yabo手机版  zhengquepeidaikeliwufanghukouzhao(kn95、n95)defangfashi:kouzhaoyoubiaoshideyimianxiangwai,youjinshutiaodeyibianxiangshang;xijingudingkouzhaodedaizi,huobakouzhaodexiangpijinraozaierduoshang,shikouzhaojintiemianbu。

  peidaikouzhaoyingjinxingqimixingjiancha。daihaohoujiangshuangshouwanquangaizhukouzhao,ranhoujinxingshenhuxi,ruguokouzhaonenggoujiaohaodiguqihuoshoujin,shuomingqimixingjiaohao;ruguoyoukongqicongmianbuhuomifengdianchuxielou,yingzhongxindiaozhengkouzhaoweizhi,diaozhengbijia,zhidaomihelianghao;ruguoyoukongqicongkouzhaosizhouxielou,yingdiaozhengtoudaideweizhi,baozhengkouzhaoyumianbumihelianghao。

  kouzhaozangwu、bianxing、sunhuaihuoyouyiweishi,yingjishigenghuan。jiankangrenpeidaiguodekouzhao,anzhaoshenghuolajifenleideyaoqiuchulijike。yisihuanzhe、quezhenhuanzhehewuzhengzhuangganranzheshiyongguodekouzhao,huoyuqimiqiejiechuguochengzhongpeidaidekouzhao,bukesuiyidiuqi,yingshizuoyiliaofeiqiwu,yangeanzhaoyiliaofeiqiwuyouguanliuchengchuli。

  lingwaixuzhuyi:(1)ruxuzaicishiyongdekouzhao,kexuanguazaijiejing、ganzaotongfengchu,huojiangqifangzhizaiqingjie、touqidezhidaizhong。kouzhaoxudanducunfang,bimianbicijiechu,bingbiaoshikouzhaoshiyongzhexingming。(2)yiyongbiaozhunfanghukouzhaobunengqingxi,yebukeshiyongxiaoduji、jiaredengfangfajinxingxiaodu。(3)zixiguolvshihuxiqi(quanmianxinghuobanmianxing)hedonglisongfengguolvshihuxiqideqingxicanzhaoshuomingshujinxing。


释义2:勤洗手,避免用不干净的手触摸口、眼、鼻。


yabo手机版  xishoushiyufangchuanranbingjianbianyouxiaodecuoshizhiyi,richanggongzuo、shenghuozhong,rendeshousuishiyoukenengjiechudaobeibingjunwurandewupin,ruguobunengjishizhengquexishou,bingyuantiyoukenengtongguoshoujiechuzuiba、yanjing、bizidenianmoerqinrurenti。tongguoxishoukeyiyouxiaodiqieduanzheiyichuanbotujing,jiangdiganranxinxingguanzhuangbingdudefengxian。

yabo手机版  zaixialieqingkuangxia,yingjishixishou:

  ◆ waichuguilai;

  ◆ jiechugonggongsheshihuowupinhou(rufushou、menbing、diantianniudeng);

  ◆ daikouzhaoqianjizhaikouzhaohou;

  ◆ jiechuguoleiye、biti、tanyehetuoyehou;

yabo手机版  ◆ kesoudapentiyongshouzhedanghou;

  ◆ hulihuanzheqianhou;

  ◆ zhunbeishiwuqian;

  ◆ yongcanqian;

  ◆ shangcesuohou;

  ◆ baohaizi、weihaizishiwuqian,chuliyingerfenbianhou;

  ◆ jiechudongwuhuochulidongwufenbianhou;

  ◆ qitaxuyaoxishoudeqingxing。

  yaoyongliudongshuihefeizaohuoxishouyeguifanxishou,zhengquexishoudebuzhouruxia:

yabo手机版  (1)yongliudongshuijiangshuangshoulinshi。

  (2)qushiliangxishouye(huofeizao)junyuntumoshuangshou。

  (3)renzhencuoxishuangshoubushaoyu20miao,jutibuzhoushi:

  diyibu,xishouzhang。shouxinxiangdui,shouzhibinglongxianghucuorou。

  dierbu,xishoubei。shouxinduishoubei,shouzhijiaocha,yanzhifengxianghucuorou。shuangshoujiaohuanjinxing。

  disanbu,xizhifeng。shouxinxiangdui,shouzhijiaocha,xianghucuorou。

  disibu,xizhibei。yishouwanquchengkongquan,fanglingyishoudeshouxin,xuanzhuancuorou。shuangshoujiaohuanjinxing。

yabo手机版  diwubu,ximuzhi。yishouwozhulingyizhishoudedamuzhi,xuanzhuancuorou。shuangshoujiaohuanjinxing。

yabo手机版  diliubu,xizhijian。yishouwuzhizhijianbinglong,fangzailingyizhishoudeshouxin,xuanzhuancuorou。shuangshoujiaohuanjinxing。

  diqibu,xishouwan。yishouwozhulingyizhishoudewanbu,xuanzhuancuorou。shuangshoujiaohuanjinxing。

  (4)wanchengshangshubuzhouhou,yongliudongshuibashuangshouchongxiganjing。

yabo手机版  (5)pengqiyixieshui,chonglinshuilongtouhou,zaiguanbishuilongtou(ruguoshiganyingshishuilongtouwucibuzhou)。

  (6)yongqingjiemaojinhuozhijincaganshuangshou,yekeyongchuiganjichuigan。

  bufangbianxishoushi,keyishiyonghanjiujingchengfendemianxixishouyejinxingshoubuqingjie。buquedingshoushifouqingjieshi,bimianyongshoujiechukou、yan、bi。


释义3:勤开窗通风。


  kaichuangtongfeng,baochishineikongqiliudong,keyouxiaojiangdishineikongqizhongbingduhexijundenongdu,jianshaojibingchuanbofengxian。meitianzaozhongwanjunyinggekaichuangtongfeng1ci,meicitongfeng15fenzhongyishang。


释义4:咳嗽、打喷嚏时应主动避开他人,用纸巾或肘袖遮掩口鼻。


  kesou、dapentibikaitaren,yongzhijinzheyankoubi(ruowuzhijinyekeyongzhouxiuzhedang),buzaigonggongchangsuodashengxuanhua,bimianyuyoufare、kesouzhengzhuangzhejinjulijiechu,tutanshiyongzhijinbaoguofangrulajitong,jishifangzhijibingchuanbodexuyao,yeshizunzhongtaren,yingdetarenzunzhong,tixiangerenwenmingsuyangdelianghaoxingweixiguan。


释义5:少去人员密集的公共场所,不聚会。


  gonggongchangsuorenyuanduo,liudongliangda,yidanyoubingduganranzhe,zaimeiyouxiaofanghudeqingkuangxia,henrongyizaochengrenyurenzhijiandechuanbo,kongqiliudongxingchadegonggongchangsuobingduchuanbodefengxiangengda。muqian,gedizhengfugenjuyiqingfangkongxuyao,yaoqiuyixiegonggongchangsuoyanqikaiye。weilemanzurichangshenghuohejiuyixuyao,rubixuqianwangchaoshi、cunweishengshi、yiyuandeng,yidingyaozuohaogerenfanghu。

  duorenjucan、juhuihenrongyizaochenghuxidaochuanranbingdechuanbo。zifashengxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqingyilai,gediyifaxianduoqiyinjucan、juhuiyinqidejujixingchuanbo。yiqingliuxingqijian,yingshaokaihui,kaiduanhui,bujuhui,jinliangcaiyongwangluoshipinhedianshidianhuahuidehuiyixingshi。


释义6:做好家庭健康监测。


  jiatingjiankangjianceduiyuchuanranbingzaofaxian、zaobaogao、zaogeli、zaozhiliaohebaohujiarenjiankangyouzhongyaozuoyong。gerenyujiatingchengyuanchuxianfare、gankedenghuxidaozhengzhuanghuofuxiedengxiaohuadaozhengzhuangyaojishibaogao,peihezuohaojiuzhen。zijihuojiarenganjuefareshi,yaozhudongceliangtiwen。


释义7:做好居室清洁和消毒。


  baochilianghaodejujiaweishengxiguanyujiatingjushiweisheng,keyouxiaozuduanxinxingguanzhuangbingduchuanbo。yaozuodao:

  (1)bugongyongmaojindenggerenweishengyongpin,baochicanjuqingjie。

yabo手机版  (2)waichuchuandaideyiwuyaoqinhuanxi,qinshaiyibei。

  (3)jiajubiaomianbaochiqingjie。menbashou、dianhuaji、shouji、dianshiyaokongqi、zhuomian、dimiandengjingchangjiechudebiaomian,yingmeitianqingjie,biyaoshi(rujiazhongyoukerenlaifangdeng)keyiyong75%dejiujinghuo84xiaodujidengcashixiaodu(anchanpinshuomingshushiyong)。


第四条

  出现发热和/或呼吸道症状,特别是有流行病学史者,应自觉避免接触他人,佩戴医用外科口罩,去定点医疗机构就诊,如实向医生描述旅行史、居住史及接触史,并积极配合治疗。


释义1:判断是否感染新型冠状病毒,需结合临床症状和流行病学史进行综合分析,出现发热、咳嗽等上呼吸道症状并不意味着一定是感染了新型冠状病毒。


  genjuguojiaweishengjiankangweifabude《xinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandefeiyanzhenliaofangan》(shixingdiqiban),panduanshifoushixinxingguanzhuangbingduganrandeyisibingli,xujieheliuxingbingxueshihelinchuangbiaoxianzonghefenxi:

  (1)liuxingbingxueshi:

  ①fabingqian14tianneiyouwuhanshijizhoubiandiqu,huojingneiqitayoubinglibaogaoshequ,huojingwaiyiqingyanzhongguojiahuodiqudedelvxingshihuojuzhushi;

yabo手机版  ②fabingqian14tianneiyuxinxingguanzhuangbingduganranzhe(hesuanjianceyangxingzhe)youjiechushi;

  ③fabingqian14tianneicengjiechuguolaiziwuhanshijizhoubiandiqu,huojingneiqitayoubinglibaogaodeshequ,huojingwaiyiqingyanzhongguojiahuodiqudefarehuoyouhuxidaozhengzhuangdehuanzhe;

  ④jujixingfabing:14tianneizaixiaofanweinei(rujiating、bangongshi、xuexiaobanji、chejiandengchangsuo),chuxian2 lijiyishangfarehe/huohuxidaozhengzhuangdebingli。

yabo手机版  (2)linchuangbiaoxian:①farehe/huohuxidaozhengzhuang;②juyouxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyingxiangxuetezheng;③fabingzaoqibaixibaozongshuzhengchanghuojiangdi,linbaxibaojishuzhengchanghuojianshao。

  yisibinglipandingbiaozhun:youliuxingbingxueshizhongderenheyitiao,qiefuhelinchuangbiaoxianzhongderenyi2tiao;huowuliuxingbingxueshide,fuhelinchuangbiaoxianzhongde3tiao。

yabo手机版  zaiquedingweiyisibinglidejichushang,juyouyixiabingyuanxuezhengjuzhiyizhe,kequezhenweixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanbingli:①shishiyingguangrt-pcrjiancexinxingguanzhuangbingduhesuanyangxing。②bingdujiyincexu,yuyizhidexinxingguanzhuangbingdugaodutongyuan。③xueqingxinxingguanzhuangbingduteyixingigmkangtiheiggkangtiyangxing;xueqingxinxingguanzhuangbingduteyixingiggkangtiyouyinxingzhuanweiyangxinghuohuifuqijiaojixingqi4beijiyishangshenggao。


释义2:花几分钟学会用体温计测量体温,全家受益。


  fareshixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandechangjianzhengzhuangzhiyi,zaiyiqingliuxingqijian,jiaqiangjiarentiwenjiance,duiyuzaofaxian、zaobaogao、zaogeli、zaozhiliaojuyouzhongyaoyiyi。muqianshichangshangyouduozhongtiwenji,danbijiaochangyongderengranshishuiyin(gong)tiwenji。yongshuiyintiwenjiceliangyexiawendushijiandan、fangbiandetiwenjiancefangfa。

  chengnianrenzhengchangyexiatiwenwei36℃~37℃,zaochenlvedi,xiawulvegao,1tianneibodongbuchaoguo1℃,yundonghuojinshihoutiwenhuilveweizenggao。zaianjingzhuangtaixia,yexiatiwengaoyu37.3℃,jishuyufare。37.3~38℃shidire,38.1~41℃shigaore。

yabo手机版  celiangshi,yongshouniezhutiwenjideboliduan,jiangtiwenjidushushuaidao35℃yixia,zaijiangshuiyinduanfangzaiyexiazuidingduanhoujiajin,10fenzhonghouquchudushu。zhengquededushufangfashi:yongshounazhutiwenjideboliduan,jiyuanlishuiyinzhudeyiduan,shiyanjingyutiwenjibaochitongyishuiping,ranhoumanmanzhuandongtiwenji,congzhengmiankandaohencudeshuiyinzhushijiukeduchuxiangyingdewenduzhi。dushushizhuyibuyaoyongshoupengtiwenjideshuiyinduan,fouzehuiyingxiangshuiyinzhudushuerzaochengceliangbuzhun。xuyaozhuyideshi,shiyongshuiyinwendujishiyingqingnaqingfang,bimiansunhuai。yidanposun,ruchulibudang,wendujizhongyichudegonghuibianchenggongzhengqi,kezaochengxiruzhongdu。


释义3:与患者或无症状感染者密切接触有可能造成新型冠状病毒感染,应对密切接触者进行隔离医学观察。


  miqiejiechuzhedepandingbiaozhunwei:congyisibinglihequezhenbinglizhengzhuangchuxianqian2tiankaishi,huowuzhengzhuangganranzhebiaobencaiyangqian2tiankaishi,weicaiquyouxiaofanghucuoshiyuqiyoujinjulijiechuderenyuan,jutijiechuqingxingruxia:

  1.gongtongjuzhu、xuexi、gongzuo,huoqitayoumiqiejiechuderenyuan,rujinjuligongzuo、gongyongtongyijiaoshihuoyubinglizaitongyisuofangwuzhongshenghuo;

yabo手机版  2.zhenliao、huli、tanshibinglideyihurenyuan、jiashuhuoqitayubingliyouleisijinjulijiechuderenyuan,rudaomibihuanjingzhongtanshibingrenhuotingliu,tongbingshideqitahuanzhejiqipeihurenyuan;

  3.chengzuotongyijiaotonggongjubingyoujinjulijiechurenyuan,baokuozaijiaotonggongjushangzhaoliaohulirenyuan,tongxingrenyuan(jiaren、tongshi、pengyoudeng),huojingdiaochapingguhoufaxianyoukenengjinjulijiechubinglihewuzhengzhuangganranzhedeqitachengkehechengwurenyuan。butongjiaotonggongjumiqiejiechupandingfangfacanjianbentiaoshiyi4。

yabo手机版  4.xianchangdiaocharenyuandiaochahoujingpinggurenweiqitafuhemiqiejiechuzhepandingbiaozhunderenyuan。

  miqiejiechuzheguanchaqixianweizizuihouyiciyuquezhenbingli、yisibinglihewuzhengzhuangganranzhefashengwuyouxiaofanghudejiechuhou14tian。miqiejiechuzhezaiyixueguanchaqijianruojianceyinxing,rengxuchixuzhiguanchaqiman。yisibinglipaichuhou,qimiqiejiechuzhekejiechuyixueguancha。genjuyiqingfangkonggongzuodexuyao,peiheyouguanbumenzuohaogeliyixueguancha,shimeigegongminfadingdezerenheyiwu,jinengbaohuziji,yenengbaohutaren。


释义4:交通工具不同,密切接触者的判定条件也不同。


  1.feiji

  (1)yibanqingkuangxia,minyonghangkongqicangneibinglizuoweidetongpaiheqianhougesanpaizuoweidequanbulvkeyijizaishangshuquyuneitigongkecangfuwudechengwurenyuanzuoweimiqiejiechuzhe。qitatonghangbanchengkezuoweiyibanjiechuzhe。

  (2)chengzuoweipeibeigaoxiaoweiliguolvzhuangzhideminyonghangkongqi,cangneisuoyourenyuan。

yabo手机版  (3)qitayizhiyubingliyoumiqiejiechuderenyuan。

  2.tielulvkelieche

  (1)chengzuoquanfengbikongdiaolieche,binglisuozaiyingzuo、yingwochexianghuoruanwotongbaoxiangdequanbuchengkehechengwurenyuan。

yabo手机版  (2)chengzuofeiquanfengbideputonglieche,binglitongjianruanwobaoxiangnei,huotongjieyingzuo(yingwo)chexiangneitonggejiqianhoulingedelvke,yijiweigaiquyufuwudechengwurenyuan。

  (3)qitayizhiyubingliyoumiqiejiechuderenyuan。

  3.qiche

  (1)chengzuoquanmibikongdiaokecheshi,yubinglitongchengyiliangqichedesuoyourenyuan。

yabo手机版  (2)chengzuotongfengdeputongkecheshi,yubinglitongcheqianhousanpaichengzuodechengkehejiachengrenyuan。

  (3)qitayizhiyubingliyoumiqiejiechuderenyuan。

  4.lunchuan

  yubinglitongyicangshineidequanburenyuanheweigaicangshitigongfuwudechengwurenyuan。

yabo手机版  ruyubinglijiechuqijian,bingliyougaore、dapenti、ganke、outudengjuliezhengzhuang,wulunshijianzhangduan,junyingzuoweimiqiejiechuzhe。


释义5:新型冠状病毒肺炎流行期间,出现发热、干咳等呼吸道症状或腹泻等消化道症状,应尽快到发热门诊排查、诊治。


yabo手机版  sheyoufaremenzhendeyiliaojigouduijiuzhenrenyuanjinxingchushai,heliyindaojiuyi,jishifaxianchuanranbingfengxian,youxiaoliyongyiliaoziyuan,tigaogongzuoxiaolv。faremenzhenyoujiaoweiyangedechuanranbingfangkongcuoshi,keyouxiaobimianfashengjiaochaganran。genjuyiqingfangkongxuyao,gedidougongbulekaishefaremenzhendeyiliaojigoumingdan。

  chuxianfare、gankedenghuxidaozhengzhuanghuofuxiedengxiaohuadaozhengzhuang,tebieshiyouxinguanfeiyanliuxingbingxuekeyibaolushi,yaojishibaogao,anyaoqiujiuzhen,bingpeihekaizhanxiangguandiaocha。

  jishidaofaremenzhenjinxingpaichazhenzhi,youliyuyiwurenyuanduijiuzhenzheshifouhuanyouxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanjishizuochupanduan,bingjinzaojinxingzhiliao,tongshifangzhichuanrantaren,genghaodikongzhiyiqing。


释义6:就医时,应向医务人员详细说明症状、近期旅行史、居住史和接触史。


  daoyiyuanfaremenzhenjiuzhenshi,yaozunshouzhenliaoliuchengheguifan,jieshouyiyuangongzuorenyuandeyindao。yingxiangxishuomingzijidezhengzhuang,rushifouyoufare、ganke、fuxiedeng,yingzhudonggaosuyiwurenyuanjinqishifouquguoxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanliuxingdiqu,youwuyufare、kesoudengzhengzhuangdehuanzhejinjulijiechushi,bianyuyiwurenyuanzuochuzhenduan,jishicaiqushiyidezhiliaocuoshi。


第五条

  我国政府高度重视此次疫情防控工作,相关部门已依法依规采取科学有效的防控措施防止疫情扩散。个人应关注政府与权威机构发布的疫情信息和健康指导,积极配合,加强个人防护,科学预防疾病,不信谣,不传谣。


释义1:针对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情,国家和相关部门已采取切实可行的措施。


  dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqingfangkonggongzuo。xijinpingzongshujiduociduizuohaoyiqingfangkonggongzuozuochuzhongyaozhishi,qiangdiaoyaobarenminqunzhongshengminganquanheshentijiankangfangzaidiyiwei,jianjuedayingyiqingfangkongderenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan。dangzhongyangchenglizhongyangyingduixinxingguanzhuangbingduganranfeiyanyiqinggongzuolingdaoxiaozu,chongfenfahuilianfangliankongjizhizuoyong,youguanbumencaiquyixilieyouzhenduixingdecuoshi,gejidangweizhengfuzuzhidongyuangefangliliang,quanmianbushu、quanmianjiaqiangyuluoshigexiangzonghefangkongcuoshi,ezhiyiqingdekuosanhemanyan。

yabo手机版  guojiaweishengjiankangweiyuanhuishenruxuexiguanchexijinpingzongshujizhongyaozhishijingshen,renzhenluoshilikeqiangzonglizhongyaopishiyaoqiuheguowuyuanchangwuhuiyibushu。guangdayiliaoweishenggongzuozhejijixiangyingdangzhongyanghaozhao,yingyongfenzhanzaikangjiyiqingdezuiqianxian。


释义2:每个人都应积极配合政府和有关部门采取的各项防控措施,依法履行个人在传染病疫情防控中的责任和义务。


yabo手机版  meigerendoushizijijiankangdediyizerenren,yingnulizuohaoziwofanghu,anzhao《zhonghuarenmingongheguochuanranbingfangzhifa》guiding,zijuechengdanyiqingfangkongdegerenzeren,xiezhu、peihe、fucongzhengfubumenzuzhikaizhandefangkonggongzuo。youxinguanfeiyanliuxingbingxuekeyibaolushiderenyuan,yingjishixiangyouguandanweihuojigoubaogao,rushitigongyouguanxinxi,anyaoqiujinxingyixueguancha。yaocongzhengfu、quanweideweishengjigouhuozhuanyejigouhuoqufangbingzhidaoheyiqingxinxi,jijixiangyingzhengfuyouguanchangyi,shaoqurenyuanmijichangsuo,zuohaogerenfanghu。

  zaiquanguoshangxiakangjixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqingdezhanyizhong,yangezunshouxiangguanfalvguiding,bujinshiduizijifuze,yeshiduitarenfuze。《zhonghuarenmingongheguochuanranbingfangzhifa》zhongguidingdegongminzaiyiqingfangkongzhongyingdangchengdandezerenbaokuo:diyizhangdi12tiaoguiding:yiqiedanweihegeren,bixujieshoujibingyufangkongzhijigou、yiliaojigouyouguanchuanranbingdediaocha、jianyan、caijiyangben、gelizhiliaodengyufang、kongzhicuoshi,rushitigongyouguanqingkuang。dierzhangdi16tiaoguiding:chuanranbingbingren、bingyuanxiedaizheheyisichuanranbingbingren,zaizhiyuqianhuozhezaipaichuchuanranbingxianyiqian,budecongshifalv、xingzhengfaguiheguowuyuanweishengxingzhengbumenguidingjinzhicongshideyishigaichuanranbingkuosandegongzuo。di27tiaoguiding:duibeichuanranbingbingyuantiwurandewushui、wuwu、changsuohewupin,youguandanweihegerenbixuzaijibingyufangkongzhijigoudezhidaoxiahuozheanzhaoqitichudeweishengyaoqiu,jinxingyangexiaoduchuli;jujuexiaoduchulide,youdangdiweishengxingzhengbumenhuozhejibingyufangkongzhijigoujinxingqiangzhixiaoduchuli。disanzhangdi31tiaoguiding:renhedanweihegerenfaxianchuanranbingbingrenhuozheyisichuanranbingbingrenshi,yingdangjishixiangfujindejibingyufangkongzhijigouhuozheyiliaojigoubaogao。dibazhangdi77tiaoguiding:renhegerenweifanxiangguanguiding,daozhichuanranbingchuanbo、liuxing,jitarenrenshen、caichanzaochengsunhaide,yingdangyifachengdanminshizeren。


释义3:关注国家卫生健康委等权威机构发布的疫情信息和健康指导,不信谣,不传谣。


  gejiweishengjiankangjigoulianhedianshi、guangbo、wangluodengmeitipingtai,youzhenduixingdikaizhanxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandengchuanranbingfangkongzhishixuanchuan,fabujiankangtishihejiuyizhinan,kexuezhidaogongzhongzhengquerenshiheyufangjibing,yindaogongzhongguifanfangkongxingwei,zuohaogerenfanghu。yiqingliuxingqijian,gerenyingduoguanzhuguojiaweishengjiankangweidengquanweijigoufabudeyiqingxinxihejiankangzhidao,busanbuwukekaolaiyuanheweijingzhengshidexinxi。zhizao、chuanbobushiyanlun,bujinhuihunxiaoshiting,raoluanshehuizhixu,ganraozhengchangdeyiqingfangkonggongzuo,yeshiweifaxingwei。yaoyanzhiyuzhizhe。tingxinyaoyanbujinhuiyingxiangzijiderenzhihepanduan,haihuiyingxianggerenpeihezhengfuheyouguanbumencaiqudefangkongcuoshi,zengjiazishenhetarenganrandefengxian。


第六条

  禁止违法捕猎、贩卖、购买、加工、食用野生动物,既是我国法律的要求,也是人类健康安全的需要。


释义1:新型冠状病毒可能来源于某些野生动物,人类接触、食用或加工野生动物可造成感染,引发疾病。


  jin50nianlai,zaishijiefanweineichuxianle40yuzhongxinfachuanranbing, juedaduoshudouzaibutongchengdushangyuyeshengdongwuyouguan。xuduoyeshengdongwutineidaiyouduozhongbingdu,ruguorenyuqijiechu,jiuyoukenengzaochengganran,daozhichuanranbingdefashengheliuxing。aizibingbingdu、aibolabingdu、houdoubingdu、sarsguanzhuangbingdu、mersguanzhuangbingdudeng,doubeizhengshilaiyuanyuyeshengdongwu,yinqicicichuanranbingyiqingdexinxingguanzhuangbingduyekenenglaiyuanyuyeshengdongwu。


释义2:任何单位和个人都应遵守《中华人民共和国野生动物保护法》。


  1988nian,woguobanbule《zhonghuarenmingongheguoyeshengdongwubaohufa》,jinzhichushou、goumai、liyongguojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwujiqizhipin,jinzhishengchan、jingyingshiyongguojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwujiqizhipinzhizuodeshipin,huozheshiyongmeiyouhefalaiyuanzhengmingdefeiguojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongwujiqizhipinzhizuodeshipin。weilerenleidejiankangheanquan,gerenbuyaoliebu、chushou、jiechu、goumai、jiagongheshiyongyeshengdongwu。daziranshirenleiheyeshengdongwudegongtongjiayuan,renheyizhongyeshengdongwudoushidaziranshengtailianshangdezhongyaoyihuan,baohuyeshengdongwujiushibaohudaziran,jiushibaohurenleiziji。zai《zhongguogongminjiankangsuyang——jibenzhishiyujineng(2015nianban)》zhong,yemingquetichubushiyongyeshengdongwu。


第七条

  在新发传染病疫情发生时,出现心理紧张、焦虑、恐慌等情绪,属正常现象,但过度恐慌会危害身心健康。


释义1:受新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情影响,人们会产生紧张、焦虑、恐惧等心理问题,属于正常现象,但过度恐慌危害健康。


yabo手机版  xinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanshuyuxinfachuanranbing,chuanbosudukuai,bojifanweiguang,yixierenhuidanxinziji、jiarenhuopengyoubeiganran,erchuxianjinzhang、jiaolv、kongjudengyingjifanying。weijianqingyiqingduizhengchangxinlideganraohekenengzaochengdexinlishanghai,xuzhuyiziwoxinlijiankangfanghu。

  yaorenshidao,zaifashengweihairentijiankangdechuanranbingbaofaliuxingshi,chuxianyidingchengdudejinzhang、jiaolvhekongjudengyingjifanying,shiziranxianxiang,yeshikeyilijiede。danguodukonghuanghuidaozhirenzhiyichanghexingweishichang,shenzhihuidaozhiyingjihouxinlizhangai,weihaishenxinjiankang。

  yiqingliuxingqijian,yingduocongquanweimeitilejieyouguanxinxihekexuefanghuzhishi,guilvshenghuo,shiduduanlian,dushu,tingyinledeng。yaoduozuojijixinlidiaoshi,ru:yutarenduojiaoliu,xianghuguli,xianghuzhichi;zhuanyizhuyili;helianpaizuoxi;fangsongziji;ziwoanweijilideng。yekeyishidangjinxinghuxifangsongxunlian、youyangyundong、zhengniandazuo、mingxiangdeng,diaojiezijidejinzhangqingxu。buyaocaiqufouren、huibituisuo、guofenyilaitaren、zhizebaoyuan、fapiqi、chongdongdengbuliangyingduifangshi,tebiebuyaoshitutongguoyanjiulaihuanjiejinzhangqingxu。

  weilebangzhugongzhongshuhuanxinliyali,woguohenduodiqudousheyouzhuanmendexinlizixunrexian。ruguoyouxinlizixunxuqiu,kebodarexiandianhua。


释义2:因过度紧张,少数人会出现恐惧、疑病和强迫等心理行为问题,需要做好心理健康调适。


  yinduixinguanfeiyanyiqingguoyujinzhanghedanxin,shaoshurenhuichuxiankongju、yibing、qiangpodengyingjifanying,changjiandebiaoxianyou:

  (1)youderenzongganjuejieshangyudaoderenjiushibingduxiedaizhe,jishizijijinxingle“quanfuwuzhuang”defanghu,yeyaoyuanyuandibaochijuli,buganzoujin,buganshuohua,shenzhibuganhuxi。

  (2)youderenduizijidegezhongqutibushiguodumingan,dadaoyibingzhuangtai。shentishaoyoubushi,jiuhuihuaiyizijibeiganranle,huangkongbuan,xianglijijiuyi。jinguanjingguoxiangxidequtihebingduxuejiancha,paichulehuanbingdekeneng,neixinduanzananjing,danyihuiyouwufaanjingxialai,yaomehuaiyijianchajieguo,yaomedanxinzaijiuyiguochengzhongbeichuanranle。

yabo手机版  (3)youderenfanfuxishou,fanfuxiaodu,zongganjuehaishibunengqingxiganjing。yaomebuchumen,yaomedaishangshuangcengdekouzhao、yanzhao,chuanshangfanghufu,yangeanzhaochuanrankeyishengdefanghuyaoqiulai“wuzhuang”ziji,ranhoucaiganxiaoxinyiyidichumen。jiarenwaichuhuilaihou,yidingyaorangjiarenbawaiyiquanbutuodiaorengzaimenwai,shenzhidiudaolajitong。

yabo手机版  chuxianshangshuzheixieqingkuang,yingjijikaizhanziwoxinlidiaoshi。tebieshiyaoshulikeguan、lixingderenshi,jiyaozhongshijibingdefangkong,jijixuexizhangwofangbingzhishihejineng,yeyaokeguanlengjingduidaiyiqing,lejiejibingchuanboliuxingdeguilv,jianlizhanshengjibingdexinxin,bimiancaomujiebing,zaochengwuweideguodujinzhanghekonghuang。


释义3:少数人因疫情紧张出现心理障碍,需要专业心理医生的帮助,接受心理危机干预。


  guodujiaolvhekongjuderen,zaijiuyideguochengzhongrongyichuxianchongdongxingwei,bunenghenhaodipeihezhenzhi。jieshougelizhiliaodequezhenhuanzhe、yisihuanzhehewuzhengzhuangganranzhe,guodujiaolvhekongjuhuiduizijidejibingkangfuzaochengbuliangyingxiang。ruguoqueyinyiqingjinzhangchuxianzijiwufapaijiedexinliwenti,yanzhongyingxiangdaozijizhengchangdeshenghuo、gongzuohexuexi,xuyouzhuanyexinliyishengjinxingxinlizixunzhidaohuoxinliweijiganyu。

yabo手机版  (1)duiyuquezhenhuanzhe、yisihuanzhe、wuzhengzhuangganranzhehemiqiejiechuzhe,keyiyoujingshenkeyisheng、xinlijiankanggongzuorenyuan、shequyishengdengtigongxinlizixunyuzhidao,jiangshoukexuefangfanjineng,gulijiankangshenghuofangshi,huanjiekongju、yayidengbuliangqingxu。

yabo手机版  (2)duiyuxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanquezhenhuanzhe、yisihuanzhe、wuzhengzhuangganranzhehemiqiejiechuzhedeqinshu、pengyou、tongshideng,keyouxinlijiankanggongzuorenyuan、shehuizuzhigongzuorenyuandeng,xiangqichuanshoujibingfanghudeyouguankexuezhishi,shiqijianlizhengquederenzhi,zhangwoshibiebuliangqingxuheziwodiaoshifangfa,xiaochubuliangqingxudeyingxiang。

  (3)duiyuxinguanfeiyanfangzhiyixianyiwurenyuan,ketongguoyufangxingheshihoujitiwutan,shiqishulizhengquerenzhi,bimianziwokeze。yixianyiwurenyuanyaoyoulianghaodexiuxihechongzudeshuimian,jinxingshidudeyundong,kexuefangsong,huanjiejiaolv,congernenggougenghaoditourudaohuanzhejiuzhigongzuozhong。


第八条

  保持健康生活方式,合理膳食,适量运动,戒烟限酒,心理平衡,提高身体抵抗力。


释义1:养成健康的生活方式,保护和促进健康。


  jiankangdeshenghuofangshishizhiyouyiyujiankangdexiguanhuadexingweifangshi。guangyidejiankangshenghuofangshizhuyaobiaoxianweishenghuoyouguilv,meiyoubuliangshihao,jiangjiugerenweisheng、huanjingweisheng、yinshiweisheng,jiangkexue、bumixin,pingshizhuyibaojian、shengbingjishijiuyi,jijicanjiajiankangyouyidewentihuodongheshehuihuodongdeng。jiankangshenghuofangshizhuyaobaokuohelishanshi、shiliangyundong、jieyanxianjiu、xinlipingheng4gefangmian。


释义2:合理膳食是健康的基础。


  helishanshishizhinengtigongquanmian、junhengyingyangdeshanshi。zaixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanliuxingqijian,shiwuzhongleiduoyang,hunsudapei,jianyishidangshiyongyu、rou、dan、nai、douleihejianguodengshiwu,duochixinxianshucaiheshuiguo,buchongweishengsuyushanshixianwei。shiliangyinshui,duohebaikaishui。buyaotingxinpianfangheshiliaokeyiyufanghuozhiliaoxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandeshuofa。


释义3:适量运动,增强体质,缓解压力。


yabo手机版  shiliangyundongshizhiyundongfangshiheyundongliangshihegerendeshentizhuangkuang。shiliangyundongkezengqiangxinfeigongneng,gaishannailihetineng,yekeqidaodiaojieqingxu,jianqingyali,shuhuanjiaolv,gaishanshuimiandezuoyong。yundongyingshiduliangli,xuanzeshihezijideyundongfangshi、qiangduheyundongliang。yiqingliuxingqijian,yigerenjujiaduanlianweizhu。zuoyixieshiheshineideshentihuodong,ruyujia、taijiquan、baduanjin、pingbanzhichengdeng;youtiaojiande,haikejiezhutiyuqicaiduanlianshenti,rujuyaling、ladanlidaideng。


释义4:抽烟喝酒不能预防新型冠状病毒肺炎,戒烟限酒有益健康。


  xiyannengdaozhiduozhongmanxingbing,baokuoaizhenghexinnaoxueguanjibingdeng。yunfuxiyanyiyinqizifaxingliuchan、taierfayuchihuanhexinshengerditizhong。beidongxiyantongyanghuiyinqiduozhongjibing。xiyanbujinbunengyufangbingduganran,haihuijiangdishentidikangli。xiyankeyiyufangxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandeshuofashimeiyoukexueyijude。youxielaoyanminchouyanshijianzhang,huanyoumanxingqiguanyan、manxingzhiqiguanyan、manxingzusaixingfeijibingdengjichujibing,dikanglibenlaijiujiaocha,ganranhouyuhougengcha。

yabo手机版  hejiuderenbuyiganranxinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyandeshuofameiyoukexuegenju。guoliangyinjiuhuidaozhixinyuanxingcusi、manxingjiujingzhongdu、manxingweiyan、jiujingxingganyinghuahegaoxueyadeng,bingkedaozhijiaotongshigujibaolishijiandezengjia。


释义5:做好自我心理调适,保持积极乐观的良好心态。


  xinlipinghengshizhiyizhonglianghaodexinlizhuangtai,jinenggouqiadangdipingjiaziji,nenggouyingduirichangshenghuozhongdeyali,youxiaolvdigongzuohexuexi,duijiatingheshehuiyousuogongxiandelianghaozhuangtai。baochileguan、kailang、huodadeshenghuotaidu,jiangmubiaodingzaizijinenglisuojidefanweinei,jianlilianghaoderenjiguanxi,jijicanjiashehuihuodong,youzhuyubaochizishendexinlipingheng。mianduixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqing,yaoxuehuifangsongxinqing,jianlizhanshengyiqingdexinxin。liyongjujiashijianjiaoduodejihui,peibanjiaren,zuoyixiepingshixiangzuodanmeishijianzuodeshiqing,lirudushu、lianzi、yundong、huahua、zuojiawudeng,youyiyuhuanjieyali。

  guanzhuzhengfu、quanweijigoufabudexinxi,buxinyao、buchuanyao。baozhengchongzudeshuimian,guilvzuoxi。yaozhengshifumianqingxu,jiaqiangziwoxinlidiaoshi。ziwodiaoshibunenghuanjiede,keyibodaxinlirexianhuotongguowangluozaixianxunqiuzhuanyedexinlizixunfuwu,huozhedaozhuanyejigouxunqiubangzhu。


来源:中国健康教育中心